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Schmidlkofer, Paul

Paul Schmidlkofer is a native of Shawnee, Oklahoma and descendant of the Tescier and Greemore families on his grandmother’s side. He has served as the legislator for District 12 since June 2008, following the 2007 CPN constitution ratification to include representation for the entire United States. As a military child, Schmidlkofer was born at Altus Air Force Base in Altus, …

Seasonal Rounds

The pattern of annual migration across an area’s ecological zones to secure the variety of food and household goods that fulfill social-economic and cultural needs. The Seasonal Rounds of the Potawatomi refers to the pattern of annual migration across the local landscape’s ecological zones to harvest plants and animals that feed, heal, and are useful to the Potawatomi people (Steen-Adams, …


Segnak was a warrior from Illinois and son of a powerful headman among the Milwaukee villages. In 1808, Segnak was personally invited to meet President Thomas Jefferson to discuss peace among Natives and settlers. He was a veteran of the War of 1812, known for his victories at Fort Dearborn and Frenchtown. After the war, Segnak was interested in making …

Sema [Tobacco]

Tobacco is the most revered and powerful of all the medicine plants and considered a gift from Mamogosnan [Creator]. It is used for protection and its smoke carries thoughts and prayers to the Creator.

Shissahecon [Big Lake]

Shissahecon was a respected headman and warrior among the St. Joseph Potawatomi. He was the son of famed leader Nanaquiba and brother to Topinabee and Chebass. Active in tribal affairs, he signed the 1795 peace Treaty of Greenville and was among many who opposed American encroachment and the sale of Native lands. In 1838, Shissahecon and his family were among …

Shonyawabek [Wristbands]

2.75in L x 2.5in W x 1.5in H The wristbands were crafted by professional silver worker and tribal member Bill Madole. Engraved in each is a turtle, expressing the importance of the turtle in Potawatomi culture. The wristbands are on loan from Bill Madole and on exhibition at the Citizen Potawatomi Nation Cultural Heritage Center.

Slavin, Roy

One of the eldest representatives on the Citizen Potawatomi Legislature, Kansas City, Missouri’s Roy Slavin saw the vast changes Native Americans have gone through in the 20 and 21st centuries. He was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, to Roy and Irene Slavin in 1933. He began representing Citizen Potawatomi Nation District 1 in August 2007 CPN constitutional revision, which created …

St. Clair’s Defeat

Humiliated by the defeat of Josiah Harmar, the U.S. commissioned another major expedition against the Northwest tribes under the command of General Arthur St. Clair. Near present Fort Recovery, Ohio, Mshikenikwe, Shawnee leader Weyapiersenwah and a force of over one thousand inflicted greater losses than the previous year. Due to the military disaster, the United States ordered the first internal …