Giwani [Prairie Chicken]
Giwani was a headman and warrior of the Wabash Potawatomi. He was one of many Potawatomi who resisted William Henry Harrison’s encroachment on Native lands at the Battle of Tippecanoe and War of 1812. Present-day Lake Bruce, Indiana was the site of his village and important removal negotiations during the 1830s. Giwani’s name can be found among the treaties drafted between the United States and Indiana Potawatomi. Despite his opposition to the Potawatomi removal, he was forced to leave his land and move west in 1837. After removal, he still upheld is role as leader on the tribe’s Osage River Reserve in eastern Kansas.
Kee-wau-nay was a war chief, one of the old patriarchs of the Pottawattamies of the Wabash. The village of Kee-wau-nay and the charming lake which was in close vicinity was named after the chief.
He was an old man of consideration among his people…. He was familiar with the citizens of Logansport [Indiana] who respected him for he had many qualities of an attractive character. His deportment was dignified and characteristic of an Indian who felt the sting of outrageous fortune, but who philosophically submitted to the ills from which he could not escape.
The old man seldom indulged in the use of [fire water], that bane upon the red race, yet there were times that he would drown his sorrows…and the crowding memories of the land and home from which he was soon to be severed for ever [sic].
– George Winter
Cooke, Sarah E. and Rachel B. Ramadhyani. 1993. Indians and a Changing Frontier: The Art of George Winter
Clifton, James A. 1998. The Prairie People: Continuity and Change in Potawatomi Indian Culture, 1665-1965
Edmunds, R. David. 1978. The Potawatomis: Keepers of the Fire
Kappler, Charles J. 1904. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, II