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Battle of the Thames

With the U.S. Navy gaining control of Lake Erie and cutting of British supply lines from Canada, British Major General Henry Proctor was forced to abandon Detroit and flee north to Amherstburg, Ontario in an attempt defend Fort Malden. Camped near Fort Malden were hundreds of allied Native warriors and their families.

Outnumbered three to one, Shawnee leader Tecumseh, Potawatomi warriors Shabbone and Nuscotomek, and the British-allied Native confederacy made a final stand against William Henry Harrison and his army of militia, volunteers and regulars. Facing extreme casualties, among them Tecumseh and Wyandot leader Round Head, the Confederacy was forced to retreat and plan their next assault.


Clifton, James A. 1998. The Prairie People: Continuity and Change in Potawatomi Indian Culture, 1665-1965

Edmunds, R. David. 1978. The Potawatomis: Keepers of the Fire

Edmunds, R. David. 1985. The Shawnee Prophet

Heath, William. 2015. William Wells and the Struggle for the Old Northwest

Laxer, James. 2014. Tecumseh & Brock: The War of 1812

Sugden, John. 1999. Tecumseh: A Life

White, Richard. 2011. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815



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