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Chopa was the daughter of Naunongee, respected warrior and leader among the Calumet Potawatomi of southern Lake Michigan. She was also the aunt to famed warriors Mad Sturgeon, White Sturgeon and Clear Day. Upon her marriage to François Chevalier, she took the Christian name of Marianne. Receiving several land grants from the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, the couple settled around the Chicago area and had several children.


Andreas, A.T. 1884. History of Chicago: From the earliest period to the present time

Citizen Potawatomi Nation Cultural Heritage Center. 2005. Wilmette Family Manuscripts

Kappler, Charles J. 1904. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, II

Keating, Ann Durkin. 2012. Rising Up from Indian Country: The Battle of Fort Dearborn and the Birth of Chicago

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